Martin Wulfhorst: "Louis Spohr and the Metronome: a Contribution to Early  Nineteenth-Century Performance Practice." Henryk Wieniawski: Composer and Virtuoso in the Musical Culture of the XIX and XX Centuries [Proceedings of the international musicological conference, held in Poznan on 13-14 April 2000], ed. Maciej Jablonski and Danuta Jasinska, Poznan: Rhythmos, 2001, pp. 189-205. ISBN 83-908462-6-8. [Rezension: De Musica Vol. II 2001. Piotr Podlipniak].
ALSO PUBLISHED in Spohr Journal. The Magazine of the Spohr Society of Great Britain 28 (Winter 2001), pp. 2-13.


Discusses the chronology of early 19th-century experiments with the metronome, notably Mlzel's mechanical device and Jacob Gottfried Weber's pendulum or chronometer. Juxtaposes M.M. numbers to corresponding pendulum lengths and the numbers provided in Spohr's publications. Spohr, led by his desire to aid the performer in creating a faithful rendition of the composer's intentions, became one of the first composers to use metronome markings. The markings in his published scores reveal a wide range of tempos for movements with similar characters.