Martin Wulfhorst: "Louis Spohr's Harz Journey (1807): An Essay in  Philanthropinist Pedagogy." Spohr Journal. The Magazine of the Spohr Society of Great Britain XVIII (Autumn 1991), pp.  3-10


Examines Spohr's account of a hiking trip with his students (probably the dedicatees of his Duets Op. 9) from Gotha to the Harz region most likely in 1807. Attempts to verify Michel's hypothesis (1959) that Spohr's teaching was  deeply influenced by Philanthropinism, an important pedagogical reform movement of the late 18th century that  realized principles of the Enlightenment. Spohr might have come into contact with Philanthropinist ideas through his father or J.H. Campe in Brunswick; proven are his contacts in Gotha to J.G. Salzmann, founder and principal of a Philanthropinist school in Schnepfenthal. Spohr's account demonstrates Philanthropinist ideas: (1) high pedagogical commitment of the teacher; (2) comprehensive education of body and mind; (3) contact with nature; (4) socialization through visits to factories, etc.. The Philanthropinist concept of music as useful to society is exemplified by three incidental compositions that Spohr wrote on the trip: the Brocken Canon WoO 128 (edited here for the first time), a little song for three voices WoO 81, and a short piece probably for two violins WoO 30  (published here for the first time).